Suburbanisation in Birmingham No. 1

Suburbanisation - The outward growth of a city into its hinterland through a process of urban sprawl, accompanied by an increase in the population of the city. 

In Birmingham, there are different phases of suburbanisation.

Inner Suburbs - Harborne and Edgbaston

Edgbaston is different to the rest of the inner city and suburbs because it was owned by Lord Calthorpe, a very powerful landowner who prohibited industrial development.  He was responsible for the development of Birmingham University, and there is still a golf course close to the city centre.

The inner suburbs of Harbourne and Edgbaston grew during the period from 1870-1900 as a result of more affluent people being able to use public transport (the electric tram) to travel in to the city centre to work.  These were the homes of the factory owners.

The properties in these suburbs are ofen large, with sizeable gardens.  The form a "fossilised fringe belt" around the inner city.  Many of the buildings now house businesses, including solicitors, accountants and dentists.


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