Physical Geography – G1 UNIT GUIDE


G1 Exam: 1 hour and 30 minutes.  3 compulsory structured questions worth 25 marks each. One question will be on fieldwork.



Climate Change – (50% of G1)

Rivers – (25% of G1)

Tectonics – (25% of G1)

Key Questions

What are the world’s major climates? How do they relate to biomes?

What are the issues resulting from climate change?

What are the hydrological processes associated with drainage basins?

What are the processes associated with plate tectonics?

What are the temporal patterns of climate change?

What strategies can be used to address climate change?

What are the causes and consequences of flooding?

What hazards are associated with plate tectonics?

What are the causes of climate change

How successful are strategies in tackling climate change?

How is the flood hazard perceived and managed within a drainage basin?

How are tectonic hazards perceived and managed?

Main Ideas

·         Weather and climate

·         Global patterns of climate and vegetation

·         Short and long term climate change (El Nino, glaciation)

·         Evidence for change (sea level change, glacial retreat)

·         The Greenhouse Effect

·         Milankovich Cycles

·         Ecosystem response to climate change

·         Extreme weather events

·         Sea level change

·         Impacts of climate change on people

·         The Kyoto Protocol

·         Agenda 21 local policies

·         Carbon footprints

·         The hydrological cycle in the drainage basin system

·         River regimes

·         Flood (Storm) hydrographs

·         Physical and human causes of flooding (2 events)

·         The impacts of flooding (physical, demographic, economic and social)

·         Flood Management

·         Fieldwork

·         Plate tectonics

·         Hazards associated with volcanoes and earthquakes

·         Impacts of hazards on people, society and the economy

·         Awareness of hazards

·         Hazard management

Case Studies

El Nino – Peru, Australia, Indonesia?

Kyoto Protocol



River Severn (UK)

River Mississippi (USA)

River Rhone (Switzerland/France)

River Limpopo (Mozambique


Mt. Etna Volcano (Italy)

Kobe Earthquake (Japan)

Nevada del Ruiz (Colombia)



The Alderbrook River

Two days of local fieldwork to collect data. Short write-up of the study to explain the process of the investigation, to explain the results and to evaluate the success of the project.